Download An Introduction to Machine Translation by W. John Hutchins, Harold L. Somers PDF

By W. John Hutchins, Harold L. Somers

The interpretation of international language texts by way of desktops used to be one of many first initiatives that the pioneers of computing and synthetic intelligence set themselves. computing device translation is back turning into a huge box of analysis and improvement because the desire for translations of technical and advertisement documentation is growing to be well past the means of the interpretation career. this is often the 1st textbook of computer translation, offering an entire direction on either common computer translation platforms features and the computational linguistic foundations of the sector. laptop Translation assumes no past wisdom of the sector and gives the elemental heritage details to the linguistic and computational foundations of the topic. it really is a useful textual content for college students of computational linguistics, man made intelligence, normal language processing, and data technological know-how.

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Linguists do not attempt to account for the full range of observable phenomena but rather concentrate on aspects which they believe can be handled satisfactorily in a systematic fashion. The basic assumption is that language users do not constantly refer to a vast store or memory of previously observed utterances but have available a set of abstract formulae and rules enabling them to construct and understand expressions which have never occurred before. This tacit and unconscious 'knowledge' of the system of rules and principles is said to represent the competence of native speakers.

2 ________Linguistic background This chapter introduces some of the terminology, ideas and methods of those aspects of linguistics which are most relevant to MT. Readers who have a good background in linguistics might like to skip parts of this chapter, or read it quickly so as to see our own, perhaps idiosyncratic, approach to familiar material. 10). 8 is essential for the understanding of all chapters. The information in the last two sections should be regarded as supplementary, for reference when the need arises.

G. by introducing passive 28 Linguistic background voice, then this equation of deep structure, canonical form, and unmarked surface structure is quite plausible. A further candidate for canonical form might be logical form, which is a representation used to make explicit the meaning of an utterance in terms of the truth conditions it implies. This is a representation found in formal logic, in which notably the introduction and distinction of participants in the event being described is made explicit.

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