By James Dobbins
An almost 50-year overview of U.S. efforts to rework defeated and damaged enemies into democratic and filthy rich allies.
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Additional resources for America's role in nation-building: from Germany to Iraq, Issue 1753
S. businessmen who were part of the Roosevelt and Truman administrations, was directed at creating a free-market economy in Germany. As part of this process, the German cartels were broken up. In addition, both zone commanders encouraged the development of trade. S. S. and British military inzone expenditures, and funds from the British budget. S. government recognized French and Russian claims for reparations. S. government forced German mines to deliver coal to France and other nearby states for free.
3. See also Dower (1999), p. 299. 28 America’s Role in Nation-Building: From Germany to Iraq 1890, vested sovereign power in the emperor but divided political power among a small set of competing elites. The political parties vied for power with the military, the bureaucracy, the leading industrialists (zaibatsu), and groups close to the emperor. Since 1925, all men over the age of 25 had been granted the right to vote, but their representatives in the Diet could easily be outmaneuvered because the majority party in the Diet did not automatically have the right to form a government; instead, the emperor appointed the prime minister.
445–446, and Peterson (1977), pp. 340–341. 26In fact, Germany did not receive complete sovereignty until the end of the Cold War and German reunification in 1989 and 1990, respectively. 27DOS (1947), pp. 43, 177–178. Germany 15 In fact, cooperation between the Soviet Union and the other occupying powers broke down quickly in the years after the war. By 1947, the Control Council and the Council of Foreign Ministers had become hopelessly deadlocked and were only able to achieve consensus on a few issues.