By David Eldridge
В этой книге предлагается краткий обзор главных культурных событий Америки в 30-х годах XX века: в области литературы и театра, музыки и радио, кино и фотографии, живописи и дизайна, а также ведущей роли федерального правительства в развитии искусств. Книга помогает понять культурные импульсы радикализма, национализма и бегство от действительности, характерные для Соединенных Штатов в 1930-е.Образцы сканов:
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Four million had had their property saved from foreclosure by the government’s Home Owners Loan Corporation, while banking reforms had secured the savings of millions more. Thousands of families displaced by the Dust Bowl received shelter in government camps, while the TVA brought electricity to large sections of the depressed South. This won Roosevelt and the Democrats a lot of allies, but it was also the cause for great consternation. 59 It was not necessarily a reactionary viewpoint. Lippmann, the earlier champion of progressive liberalism and ‘the positive leadership of a creative statesmanship’, became openly hostile toward Roosevelt’s tax plans, relief expenditures and agricultural programme.
5 million off the dole, which had initially been paid to them by the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, by offering them governmentcreated jobs instead. 46 Roosevelt had proclaimed from the outset of his 1932 campaign that what the country needed most was ‘bold, persistent experimentation’. Given the extent of the difficulties, it was, he said, simply ‘common sense to take a method and try it. If it fails, admit it frankly and try another. 47 Something of a philosophical dimension could be discerned in just this attitude.
82 It may not have been a ‘philosophy’ but it was a different attitude towards government. 86 Even some of the New Deal’s ‘failures’ are attributed to a politically ‘Machiavellian’ side of Roosevelt’s character – as in his decision not to alienate white Southern Democrats by preventing an anti-lynching bill from being passed, or the fact that his ‘duplicity’ provided a rallying point for opposition to coalesce against his plans to reform the Supreme Court. Obviously, this is problematic. Roosevelt the man was not synonymous with the New Deal, and the whole administration, intellectuals, senators, congressmen, state politicians, lobbyists, the labour movement, farmers groups and many ordinary citizens all helped define it.