Download Advances in the Study of Behavior, Vol. 17 by Jay S. Rosenblatt, Colin Beer, Marie-Claire Busnel, Peter J. PDF

By Jay S. Rosenblatt, Colin Beer, Marie-Claire Busnel, Peter J. B. Slater

Advances within the examine of habit is still one of many most-turned-to assets for penetrating perception at the most recent findings in habit learn. This serial has saved velocity with the energetic multidisciplinary progress of the sector and covers all significant elements, from ecology to endocrinology, in either human and animal topics. severe experiences, shows of significant learn courses, and conversation of vital new thoughts offer readers with an up to date evaluation of the most recent advancements during this field.The sequence doesn't concentration narrowly on one or a number of fields, yet beneficial properties articles protecting the easiest behavioral paintings from a large spectrum. The ability and ideas of scientists in such varied fields inevitably fluctuate, making the duty of constructing cooperation and conversation between them a tricky one. however it is person who is of significant value, and one to which the editors and writer of Advances within the examine of habit are dedicated. each one quantity of Advances within the research of habit comprises an index, and every bankruptcy comprises references.

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Extra info for Advances in the Study of Behavior, Vol. 17

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These two probes appeared at unpredictable locations in the sequence of sentences. A blind observer labeled all responses. 2%). Two of the errors were to PIPE exemplars, two to WATER exemplars, and one to a BALL exemplar. Thus, no name failed to show generalization, giving evidence of transfer of a name to new exemplars of the class of object referenced. d . Contexr Generalization. Context generalization entails extending the responses trained in one context to different contexts. Context variations included 28 LOUIS M .

Overall, the second error criterion reveals that in most cases the main intent of a sentence was understood and that errors tended to be limited to misprocessing of a single word, either because of a semantic confusion at the time of coding or possibly because of some forgetting at the time of response. The errors to objects were not random but fell into a pattern sug- RECEPTIVE COMPETENCIES OF LANGUAGE-TRAINED ANIMALS 23 gestive of a categorization of objects based on their transportability. There were those objects that could be carried by the dolphins such as BALL or FRISBEE and those that could not, such as the other dolphin, permanent tank fixtures like GATE and WINDOW, or the underwater speaker (SPEAKER) that was temporarily affixed to the side of the tank during testing sessions.

A study described by Herman (1986) tested specifically for effects of variation in location of objects and of the dolphin Ake. Objects were located in the same tank as Ake, in the opposite tank, or divided between tanks. This produced six unique conditions representing all two-way combinations of dolphin in Tank A or Tank B and objects in Tank A, Tank B, or both. Ake’s accuracy in responding to two-word sentences measured her ability to understand references to objects whose locations varied considerably and which were often at a considerable distance from the dolphin and hidden from her view.

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