By Emily Boyd, Carl Folke
International environmental swap is happening at a cost swifter than people have ever skilled. weather switch and the lack of environment companies are the 2 major international environmental crises dealing with us this present day. hence, there's a want for higher figuring out of the categorical and normal resilience of networked ecosystems, towns, agencies and associations to deal with swap. during this ebook, a global workforce of specialists supply state-of-the-art insights into development the resilience and adaptive governance of complicated social-ecological structures. via a collection of case reports, it makes a speciality of the social technological know-how size of environment administration within the context of worldwide switch, in a flow to bridge present gaps among resilience, sustainability and social technology. utilizing empirical examples starting from neighborhood to worldwide degrees, perspectives from quite a few disciplines are built-in to supply an important source for students, policy-makers and scholars, looking leading edge ways to governance.
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Extra info for Adapting Institutions: Governance, Complexity and Social-Ecological Resilience
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 107, 16794–16799. , and Holling, C. , eds. 2002. Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems. Washington, DC : Island Press. , Holling, C. , eds. 1995. Barriers and Bridges to the Renewal of Ecosystems and Institutions. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. Harvey, D. 2006. Spaces of Global Capitalism: A Theory of Uneven Geographical Development. London: Verso. Jansson, A. , eds. 1994. Investing in Natural Capital: The Ecological Economics Approach to Sustainability.
What we intend to highlight, in this research context, is that not all social networks are created equal. Different structural characteristics of social networks give rise to different outcomes with respect to the governance of natural resources (Bodin etÂ€al. 2006, Bodin and Crona 2009; Bodin and Prell 2011). By applying a network-oriented research approach to studying this issue, some of these patterns of dependencies and their consequences for governance can be revealed, quantified and analysed (as we intend to demonstrate in this chapter).
In addition, through their position, brokers learn about the inner life of many of the different groups and therefore achieve an advantage in knowing with which groups or individuals to connect or not, how to connect with them and when (Burt 2004). Brokers can thus be powerful actors, in the sense that they can control the behaviour of social groups and the information flow between groups in the network to a higher extent than can other actors (cf. Crona and Bodin 2010). Burt (2004) points out that, with early access to critical information, brokers often create new understandings and see new opportunities that other actors never recognise.