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By Joanna Grant

A chinese language healthcare professional is the portrait of a sixteenth century clinical author and scientific practitioner. Drawing on socio-economic/biographic, textual, and gender research at the side of various resources, from hagiographical biographies to scientific case histories, the booklet tells 3 very varied yet complementary tales approximately what it used to be to instruction drugs in sixteenth century China. Woven jointly, those tales mix to create a multi-dimensional portrayal that brings to existence the very human studies, frustrations and aspirations of a good revered and influential doctor who struggled to win appreciate from fellow practitioners and loyalty from sufferers. The booklet creates a colourful and vibrant photo of up to date clinical perform and even as deepens our realizing of the interrelationship among gender tradition and medication.

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Extra resources for A Chinese Physician: Wang Ji and the Stone Mountain Medical Case Histories (Needham Research Institute Series)

Example text

Wang Ang has already been mentioned several times as the author of the Bencao beiyao, but he was also involved in publishing and connected with the Huanduzhai bookstore. 118 Alternatives to publishing by merchants included the publication of medical works by physicians. 120 A number of factors, including the general prosperity of the region, rising levels of literacy, and concerns about the accessibility of medical 36 MEDICAL CULTURE AND CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY knowledge therefore combined to create a vibrant and diverse range of medical publishing initiatives.

The evidence would suggest 33 MEDICAL CULTURE AND CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY that a number of cultural factors combined to create a body of physicians who were much more aware of each other, and of their shared heritage, than had previously been the case. In terms of direct contact between physicians, as before, there was a strong master–disciple relationship, but in contrast to the situation in previous times, the improved transport networks and increased regional contacts through trading links meant that the reputation of a physician spread further, and that disciples had greater access to their teaching.

113 The large number of families of hereditary physicians in the area also ensured that medical knowledge was not just transmitted horizontally, but was passed down vertically through successive generations. Later generations would then publish the writings of their ancestors. 115 These examples represent only a fraction of the many links Xin’an physicians had both with other physicians from the region, and with physicians on a more national level. The social and economic changes in Huizhou in the sixteenth century served to increase the opportunities for physicians in terms not only of 35 MEDICAL CULTURE AND CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY direct contact with other physicians, but also of indirect contact through the increased publication and wider circulation of medical texts.

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